Three-Quarters Of Immigrants Are Hispanic
A new study by the Pew Hispanic Center paints a portrait of unauthorized immigrants in the United States. Unauthorized immigrants living in the United States are more geographically dispersed than in the past and are more likely than either U.S. born residents or legal immigrants to live in a household with a spouse and children.
In addition, a growing share of the children of unauthorized immigrant parents--73%--were born in this country and are U.S. citizens. Based on March 2008 data collected by the Census Bureau, estimates are that unauthorized immigrants are 4% of the nation's population and account for 5.4% of its workforce.
Their children, both those who are unauthorized immigrants themselves and those who are U.S. citizens, make up 6.8% of the students enrolled in the nation's elementary and secondary schools. About three-quarters (76%) of the nation's unauthorized immigrants are Hispanic.
The majority of undocumented immigrants (59%) are from Mexico. Significant regional sources of unauthorized immigrants include Asia (11%), Central America (11%), South America (7%), the Caribbean (4%) and the Middle East (less than 2%).